The weather has been changing a lot lately in the most popular sailing location. In Croatia, even during the summer months, you can now be unpleasantly surprised by a strong bora that used to be uncommon at this time. How to prepare for such a situation and, more importantly, how to get the best possible forecast in advance?
Why not just rely on Windy?
Most sailors use a forecasting program like Windy. It's great, but it doesn't tell you what the current sea situation is, because it only "calculates" the atmospheric situation. So it's a global forecast that works with a certain density of data, according to individual forecast models.
YACHTING.COM TIP: Want to know more, know how to prepare for a night in a storm and minimize risks? Read this article for 18 tips on how to prepare for anchoring in a storm and minimize problems. How to prepare your crew and boat for a sudden storm while sailing is covered in the article How to handle a storm on a yacht.
For example, the GFS model has a data density of 27 kilometres (15 nautical miles). So, logically, it can't give you an idea of the situation in your bay relative to the surrounding islands because it simply can't see them. How to solve this? Use your own analysis, local weather servers, or local radio broadcasts instead. We can advise where and when to find them.
Local weather servers are more accurate
In our experience, what are the weather links with local forecasts that are worth following?
- Forecast for North Adriatic
- Forecast for Central Adriatic
- Forecast for South Adriatic
- Lightning – Croatia
Another interesting source is also meteoalarm and of course it is always good to follow Windy.
Listen to VHF, broadcasts several times a day
Very good are the marine weather forecasts for the Adriatic in Croatian and English from coastal transmitters all year round. They broadcast at the times indicated on these channels:
COAST RADIO STATION
VHF Broadcast time (UTC)
|CRS Rijeka Radio||Ch 04, Ch 19, Ch 20, Ch 23,|
Ch 24, Ch 81, Ch 85
|05.30 / 12.30 / 19.30 / 00.30*|
|CRS Split Radio||Ch 07, Ch 21, Ch 23, Ch 28,|
Ch 81, Ch 84
|05.45 / 12.45 / 19.45 / 00.45*|
|CRS Dubrovnik Radio||Ch 04, Ch 07, Ch 28,|
|06.20 / 13.20 / 20.20 / 01.20*|
* Please note, this is UTC time, add 2 hours in summer in Europe.
Croatia also has a modern Navtex transmitter near Split, which broadcasts up-to-date weather reports in addition to nautical warning messages. The transmitter is marked "Q" and has a range of at least 85 Nm.
NAVTEX Transmission time (UTC)
|CRS Split Radio (Q)||518 kHz||02.40 / 06.40 / 10.40 / 14.40 / 18.40 / 22.40*|
|CRS Split Radio (F)||490 kHz||00.50 / 04.50 / 08.50 / 12.50 / 16.50 / 20.50*|
For current channel names and broadcast times, please visit Plovput.hr directly.
What you should know about the bora/bura
The bura is a "specialty" of the eastern Adriatic coast and represents a dangerous wind in this area. Usually at high pressure and under the clearest of skies, literally out of the blue, gusts of stormy wind from the northeast begin to fall on the surface and lift plumes of water foam over the sea and islands. The appearance of the bora is mainly due to the Dinaric mountains running parallel to the eastern coast.
In the Velebit Channel, off Cape Ploča, off Split, in the area of Vrulja Bay (north of Makarska) and off Žuljana (Pelješac peninsula), the gusts of the bora can reach 9 to 10 Bf even in summer. Summer bores usually last 1–3 days, sometimes only a few hours.
From the island of Cres, through Kornati to the island of Mljet, strong gusts of wind can fall on the western side of all Adriatic islands. The higher the island, the less it acts as an obstacle for the boron. On the contrary, it gives this gusty wind a new force. Nevertheless, the leeward sides of the islands are more advantageous for yachts during a buoy because there are less rough seas.
YACHTING.COM TIP: In addition to the bura, the jugo wind can catch you off guard in Croatia – find out how to sail it and why it can be very unseasonal in our article Jugo: The moody Croatian wind. It is a warm wind that originates over the Sahara, and blows from the south to southeast across the Mediterranean into Europe. The Jugo occurs throughout the year and can also be encountered in summer (especially in August). It is much more vigorous from autumn to spring.
Which boat will you sail to Croatian waters?